Also known as the Monkey head Nebula Open Cluster NGC 2175
(also known as OCL 476
or Cr 84
) is an open cluster
in the Orion constellation
, embedded in a diffusion nebula. It was discovered by Giovanni Batista Hodierna
before 1654 and independently discovered by Karl Christian Bruhns
in 1857. NGC 2175 is at a distance of about 6,350 light years
away from Earth
The nebula surrounding it is Sharpless catalog
There is some equivocation in the use of the identifiers NGC 2174
and NGC 2175. These may apply to the entire nebula, to its brightest knot, or to the star cluster it includes. Burnham's Celestial Handbook
lists the entire nebula as 2174/2175 and does not mention the star cluster.
The NGC Project (working from the original descriptive notes) assigns NGC 2174 to the prominent knot at J2000 06h 09m 23.7s, +20° 39′ 34″ and NGC 2175 to the entire nebula, and by extension to the star cluster.
Simbad uses NGC 2174 for the nebula and NGC 2175 for the star cluster.